The mother’s mental health is an important aspect to consider during pregnancy.
About perinatal psychology
I was recently talking to my mother-in-law about my daughter, she is pregnant, almost to have her second baby, and we both agree on the great emotional difference between the two pregnancies, and that is that during this pregnancy, she was more irritable and impossible to communicate with her.
This is really what Perinatal Psychology is about.
According to the psychologist Meritxell Sánchez, specialist in perinatal psychology and founder of the Spanish Association of Perinatal Psychology, who defines this branch of psychology as “the one that addresses the emotional and psychological changes that occur during the motherhood process, from preconception until the upbringing ».
Many times we hear that all pregnancies are similar, but the truth is that they are not, since when starting a pregnancy, the mother’s situations change from one to the other, that is, when the first child is expected, the expectations are enormous, such as Also moments of anxiety and insecurity, since a situation like this has never been experienced before, when they meet for the second time, the mother already has the experience of the first childbirth, but circumstances and expectations change, because having a child changes your life, and you are no longer the same person who was expecting that first baby, without considering other special circumstances of pregnancy, such as separation, being away from the family, etc., for these special situations is that Perinatal Psychology exists to provide guidance and promote adequate maternal and child health.
What are the fears and insecurities that can affect the mother’s mental health?
According to specialist Meritxell, these are the most common fears that a pregnant mother faces:
Fear of childbirth, one of the first on the list, is very normal and well supported.
Anxiety during labor, due to hormonal changes, and some special circumstances can cause irritability, discomfort and restlessness.
Situations of anguish due to unpleasant experiences during the mother’s childhood, or existence of previous abuse.
Fear of losing the baby or discontinuation of the pregnancy for unknown or unforeseen reasons.
Fear of motherhood, the insecurity of being a good enough mother.
Fear of caring for a premature child.
How does Perinatal Psychology support the mother and father?
The perinatal psychology is based on four types of aid:
Support before conception: this aspect is aimed at supporting those parents who for some reason cannot conceive, and must undergo fertility procedures, which are usually very stressful and sometimes painful due to constant losses before conceiving or not. . It also supports parents who suffered a miscarriage or any loss before.
Support during pregnancy: Through the application of relaxation and breathing techniques and exercises, perinatal psychology tries to reduce the mother’s anxiety as much as possible, especially if she is new.
Postpartum support : support in this stage is focused on strengthening the mother-child relationship, and preventing or avoiding postpartum depression, as well as accompanying during the puerperium, of course this is in special conditions of the mother, such as a birth premature, or difficult in which the baby suffered some significant brain injury.
Family support: in this aspect, it helps the integration and acceptance of the new member of the family group.
You really don’t need to be in extreme conditions to inquire a little more about perinatal psychology during pregnancy, you can search about the subject and thus ensure the emotional care of you and your baby.