Symptoms are often overlooked, but the flu could be fatal within days. How to avoid contagion and what are its symptoms?
Jennifer Thew is the latest victim of the flu outbreak that is hitting Australia in recent days. According to Mirror, experts are warning that this deadly flu epidemic is one of the worst seen in the past 5 years. The bad news is that it continues to advance, and the virus is increasingly deadly.
The woman contracted the virus in Australia, where the flu epidemic is currently uncontrollable, and after battling it for a week, she died in hospital due to respiratory failure. According to Mirror, more than 137 thousand cases of influenza were confirmed in Australia until the beginning of September. Although the figure represents less than 1% of the population, the data that alerts experts is that this amount is more than double the cases reported in the same period last year. In other words, the epidemic is spreading in an uncontrolled way.
The flu goes to the UK
The Australian Medical Association says it is preparing for the cases to continue to be reported in the next two months. Those most affected are people over 80 years of age and children between the ages of five to nine years. The warnings come when experts say that the epidemic will inevitably reach the United Kingdom and will continue to spread if the necessary measures are not taken.
According to the Daily Express, Professor Robert Dingwall, a public health expert at Nottingham Trent University, said the outbreak presented the most serious challenge since the 1968 flu pandemic, which originated in Hong Kong and killed a million people around the world.
The vaccine helps but may “not be the definitive solution”
Even more serious is the fact that the concern of scientists is the direction that this flu will take and the possible immunity to the vaccine, since according to the specialist Dingwall, a vaccine may be effective in the country where the flu originated but not be in another area when the virus begins to mutate and spread.
Professor Dingwall said: ‘Based on the Australian experience, public health officials must meet and urgently review emergency planning procedures. The Public Health of England must work with local authorities and local health services to ensure more hospital beds are released. We need to be prepared, alert and flexible. In any case, the professional warned that we must not stop vaccinating the population.
Similarly, Professor Hugh Pennington, a leading disease expert at the University of Aberdeen, said: ‘We have to assume a flu outbreak could reach epidemic proportions. We need to know exactly what the virus is in Australia and if it is significantly different from our vaccine »
Influenza A (H3N2) is the subtype of the flu that is wreaking havoc in Australia. Australian Medical Association Vice President Tony Bartone said, according to the News site, that the flu outbreak should serve as a wake-up call for Australians to get vaccinated. The flu virus is very intelligent, it has evolved a capacity to change its cover and to mutate fractionally to obtain more defenses, “he said.
Health warnings after the flu outbreak
Experts are alerting people to flu symptoms and how to avoid spreading it. One of the best ways to avoid contagion is, as a first step, to avoid contact with other people when you have flu symptoms.
According to the News site, and according to the doctor and professor Brendan Murphy, some tips to avoid the spread and spread of the flu are:
limit contact with other people and stay away from work
cover mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing
immediately throw away the tissues with which it is cleaned
get a flu shot every year, even if you’re not in risk groups
always wash hands with soap and water, or when returning from the street
use alcohol gel on your hands
avoid touching your eyes or mouth if you have been in contact with a possibly sick person
Symptoms of influenza A
According to the El Mundo site, a common flu, which we normally call “cold”, should not be confused with influenza A. According to this newspaper, anyone with a fever above 38º C and symptoms of acute respiratory infection could be infected by the new flu A virus. One of the biggest differences is that flu A rarely has a stuffy nose, like a common cold. The following table details the symptomatic differences.