Since the 1970s, women have generally been putting off motherhood, but what risks does it entail? What to do before getting pregnant? I invite you to read some tips that will surely help you.
For a couple of decades, more and more women see being mothers after the age of 35 as an option. This they do in most cases to achieve the long-awaited self-realization. It should be noted that most of them manage to have absolutely normal pregnancies and children without any problem. However, we must know that there are some risks with this decision:
Decreased fertility. From the age of 30, fertility levels in women begin to decrease. It is for this reason that they take longer to get pregnant than a 20-year-old woman. Which often leads to having to resort to fertilization treatments that in some countries have high monetary costs, but in all cases the emotional cost is exhausting and frustrating in case of not achieving a pregnancy despite the attempts.
Increased risk of having a baby with birth defects. This is directly related to chromosome problems, since it increases after the age of 30. Down syndrome or trisomy 21 tend to appear more frequently in children of women older than 35 years.
Increased risk of miscarriage. The risk of spontaneous abortion occurs in the first trimester of any pregnancy regardless of the mother’s age. However, this risk increases with her age.
They may face more complications in pregnancy. During pregnancy, problems may begin to appear in:
The placenta : being the most common placenta previa, putting both the life of the mother and the baby at risk.
Increase in blood pressure : which can trigger pre-eclampsia, which puts both lives at risk and can even lead to premature delivery.
Gestational diabetes : what is reflected in large babies and risks of great injuries to the mother at the time of delivery.
Preterm delivery : women over 40 years of age have a higher risk of having a premature baby, that is, before 37 weeks of gestation. This can lead to delayed psychomotor development, disabilities, lung problems, low weight, which leads to having to feed him formula milk, etc.
Stillbirth : Women over 35 have two to three times the risk of their baby dying after 20 weeks of gestation.
The aforementioned risks decrease considerably if women before becoming pregnant take certain precautions such as: visiting their gynecologist and having a pre-conception check-up to rule out abnormalities in their body, taking folic acid (before and after becoming pregnant to reduce system problems central nervous system), do not consume alcohol or smoke, maintain a balanced diet, do not self-medicate and do some type of exercise to keep fit.
It is always good to go to a specialist and clarify any doubts we may have. However, as a mother I can tell you that if you are planning to have a child it is the most beautiful decision you can make, you will never look at life with the same eyes again and every time you are called mom you will be given an invaluable gift.