When accidents happen at home, our nerves often play tricks on us. But the best way to prevent this from happening is to prepare for contingencies.
If you have children or for some reason you are responsible for the care of some children, you know that these are the closest thing to a magnet for blows, diseases and dangers. The fact that they do not yet have the full ability to identify risks or know what to do about them makes them vulnerable to almost anything. Add to that their innate curiosity, we face a real challenge when it comes to keeping them safe.
In general, we bet on prevention as the best alternative, however, when it comes to children this is not always enough since when they want something, their imagination and determination are capable of disrupting the most elaborate safety plan.
The alternative then is to be prepared for any situation, knowing how to react and what to do is all the difference between a minor event and a fatality. The good news is that almost all mishaps can be contained with five first aid measures that cover the most common incidents of young and old. Then I share them with you, hoping that if necessary, they will be useful to avoid a bigger problem.
I also recommend the following reading, if you are making your debut as a mom: New mom? 6 basic tips to avoid panic
Although we generally assume that these injuries occur from contact with high temperatures, cold, like heat, also burns, as well as certain chemicals and electrical shocks. The intensity of burns ranges from the first degree – these being the mildest – to the third degree, the most severe.
When we are faced with burns as a result of extreme cold, it is necessary to stabilize the body temperature with hot drinks and shelter, as well as place the affected body part in a container with hot water between 37 and 40 degrees Celsius.
In case the injuries have been caused by heat or some type of chemical substance, it is recommended to pour cold water for 10 or up to 30 minutes on the injured body part. In case of doing this, it is important to be careful, since some chemicals react with water, so it should be clear what caused the burn. Do not apply ointments, or pop blisters, keep it hydrated and place sterile wet dressings or bandages on the wounds.
There are several types of fractures, called open fractures, in which the bone breaks the skin and is exposed; the closed ones, in which it does not come out through the skin and the so-called fissures, which are a partial fracture. The symptoms in all cases are severe pain, deformity of the area, loss of functionality, inflammation and redness in the area.
In case of facing any of them, the first thing is to avoid moving the limb and keep it in the position in which it is, without trying to accommodate the bone. In case the fracture is exposed, cover with a dressing, gauze or clean cloth to avoid infection and do not move the injured person unless you know the medical procedures. If not, wait for proper care and do not try to bandage the affected area, whether it be the fingers or toes.
The most common causes of choking are due to children swallowing objects that they usually put in their mouths. Although this type of action is part of their development – since it implies a way of knowing the world – the best thing is to avoid them playing with small objects, not giving them food with seeds or hard shells and making sure they do not run or fall asleep while eat.
The way in which to proceed in cases of suffocation depends on whether or not the person can breathe. If it is possible to do so, she should be asked to cough several times, with the intention of expelling the object that is obstructing her throat. In case that he cannot breathe, the following techniques should be applied to open the airways: lay the convalescent on his back and put one hand on his forehead and the middle and index finger of the other hand under the chin and tilt his head towards behind.
The second option is to keep the affected person standing and hugging them from behind below the armpits and at the level of the navel, while applying pressure to force them to expel whatever is obstructing their breathing.
Poisons can be breathed in, ingested, injected, or work through skin contact. Some symptoms of poisoning are eye irritation, nausea, dizziness, vomiting, headache, seizures, altered consciousness, burns to the nose and / or corners of the lips, as well as a bluish color to the lips. The standard procedure in such situations is to remove the person from what caused the problem in the first place. In case of absorption, rinse with plenty of water and if there was ingestion, do not induce vomiting and seek immediate help.
These can be caused by falls, cuts or bumps. In childhood they are usually recurrent, but not serious most of the time. However, it is important to know how to react when they occur, for example, although it used to be something that was done frequently, the tourniquet is only recommended in case of amputations. It is best to uncover the wound, clean it and disinfect the area, apply iodine to prevent infection and cover the wound, if it has embedded objects avoid removing them. Remember not to self-medicate to avoid infections or allergies. In case of bleeding, apply pressure for 5 or 10 minutes, you can also put ice wrapped in a cloth and apply a moderate bandage.
Being able to keep a cool head so that the nerves do not cloud our judgment and having the ability to react is extremely important. It is also important to seek the necessary help, because we must not forget that these recommendations are only first aid, but not the only ones if we want to keep our children safe. If necessary, do not hesitate to go to the doctor for a check-up.
I invite you to read Ideas to prevent burns at home