10 Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer That People Ignore

Don’t miss these signs. Find out, because prevention is the best tool.

Cervical cancer, or cervical, is usually one of the types of cancer that affects women the most. According to data from the American Cancer Association, in the last three decades the number of women affected with this type of cancer has decreased by 50 percent; however, it remains one of the most common causes of cancer death in women in the United States.

In Mexico, according to the Federal Government, cervical cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women. Annually it is estimated that there are almost 14 thousand reported cases, so it is urgent that the municipal and state governments stipulate information and prevention policies, as well as treatment and primary health care, so that thousands of women can perform the relevant studies with the aim of preventing cervical cancer and other diseases.

In the Mexican city of Hermosillo, in Sonora, its municipal president, Manuel Maloro Acosta, created the ” Doctor in your neighborhood ” program, through which thousands of women can have access to information on this type of cancer and other diseases, as well as dignified and free treatments.

Causes of cervical cancer

Scientists have investigated, in recent years, about the causes that cause cancer to develop in the cervix of women. According to the US government’s Center for Disease Control and Prevention, most cervical cancers are caused by the human papillomavirus.

The human papillomavirus (HPV) is highly contagious. It is spread through sexual contact and there are more than 200 varieties of the virus, of which 40 are the types that cause some type of affection to the genitals. The US National Library of Medicine shows that low-risk HPV can cause warts in the genital area, while high-risk HPV can cause different types of cancer, such as cervical, vulvar, vaginal and penile.

Risk factor’s

The American Cancer Association has listed being infected with the human papillomavirus as the greatest risk factor for cervical cancer. On the other hand, there are other factors that increase the incidence of cervical cancer:

  • Smoke.

  • Having HIV (AIDS virus).

  • Taking birth control pills for more than five years.

  • Chlamydia infection.

  • Family history of the disease.

  • Poor diet (low in fruits and vegetables).

  • Being overweight.

  • Have an intrauterine device (IUD) in place.

  • Having given birth to three or more babies.

  • Have multiple sexual partners.

Symptoms

Only a specialized doctor can make a correct diagnosis about the symptoms of cervical cancer. But it is important that, as a woman, you learn to observe the signs of your body, in order to be able to treat any type of condition in time:

  1. Heavy or irregular vaginal bleeding.

  2. Vaginal bleeding after gynecological exam.

  3. Unusual vaginal discharge

  4. Warts in the genital area.

  5. Anemia.

  6. Pain when urinating

  7. Pain during intimate relationships.

  8. Weight loss with no apparent cause.

  9. Urine leakage

  10. Pelvic, back and leg pain.

Prevention is the tool

Women must have special care and respect for our body. It is essential that after the first menstruation, periodic controls are carried out to prevent diseases such as cervical cancer, uterine and breast cancer, among other conditions.

According to the Argentine Society of Pathology and Genital Tract, the pap smear and colposcopy are two tests that are used to detect benign diseases, as well as malignant ones, such as cancer of the cervix.

Pap smear (pap)

cells that fall spontaneously from the cervix are taken with a wooden instrument called a spatula, and inside with an endocervical brush. These cells are placed on glass, which is sent to a specialist, who will provide a report.

Colposcopy (colpo)

Using this method, the gynecologist observes the cervix with a device called a colposcope, provided with light and magnification. With this equipment you can see different types of images such as: ectopia, leukoplakia, mosaics, spots. Based on their appearance, the doctor will evaluate if they are suspicious and need a biopsy to determine if it is cancer.

Every woman, after the first intimate relationship, should have a Pap smear once a year, even those women who do not have a uterus due to having undergone a hysterectomy. Don’t wait for any symptoms; gynecological exams must be done every year to detect any abnormalities in time. Come to your nearest health center for your annual routine check-ups.

The ” Doctor in your neighborhood ” program in Hermosillo, Sonora, has improved the health of the entire community. The President of the city, Maloro Acosta, has redoubled efforts to bring primary health care closer to low-income citizens, as well as to the entire population in general. The program not only seeks a primary service for the inhabitants, but also shows that disease prevention is a shared responsibility between authorities and society.

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